"Smiling makes people happier", Said Researchers

"Smiling makes people happier",  Researchers Said

Smiling really can make people feel hap
pier, according to researchers who
analysed nearly 50 years of data testing
whether facial expressions can lead people to feel the related emotions.

"Conventional wisdom tells us that we can
feel a little happier if we simply smile. Or that
we can get ourselves in a more serious mood if we scowl," said Nicholas Coles, PhD student at University of Tennessee in the US.

"But psychologists have actually disagreed
about this idea for over 100 years," Coles said
in a statement.

These disagreements became more pronounced in 2016, when 17 teams of researchers failed to replicate a well-known experiment demonstrating that the physical act of smiling can make people feel happier.
"Some studies have not found evidence that
facial expressions can influence emotional
feelings," Coles said.

"But we can't focus on the results of any
one study. Psychologists have been testing
this idea since the early 1970s, so we wanted to look at all the evidence," he said.

Using a statistical technique called meta
analysis, researchers combined data from 138 studies testing more than 11,000 participants from all around the world.

According to the results published in the
journal Psychological Bulletin, facial expressions have a small impact on feelings.

For example, smiling makes people feel
happier, scowling makes them feel angrier,
and frowning makes them feel sadder.

"We don't think that people can smile their
way to happiness," Coles said.

"But these findings are exciting because
they provide a clue about how the mind and
the body interact to shape our conscious experience of emotions. We still have  to learn a lot about the facial feedback effect, but this meta-analysis put us a little closer to under standing how emotions work," he added.

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